The Star Alliance air-carrier member network will expand its Latin American presence with the addition of Avianca-TACA and Copa Airlines, the network announced last week. Star Alliance members will gain greater access to cities throughout Latin America as a result. Copa offers hubs in Panama City, Panama; and in Bogotá, Colombia. Avianca-TACA has hubs in Bogotá; San Salvador, El Salvador; Lima, Peru; and San José, Costa Rica. The integration of both airlines into the network is expected to be complete by mid-2012.