by Jonathan T. Howe, Esq. | May 01, 2012

During a recent M&C web­cast on "Under­standing Meet­ing Contracts" (available for free viewing at, a number of fantastic questions came to the fore. Here are some we couldn't get to in the time allotted.

What recourse does a planner have if the hotel is oversold?

Your contract should include a very specific provision on this. What are the obligations of the property to the attendees and to you? You want to make the alternative of walking your attendees very economically unattractive to the hotel, vs. walking a transient traveler.

We recently concluded a case in which a property had favored a more profitable piece of business and ended up owing money to a smaller group, thanks to a strict requirement of compensation to not only the organization but also to the individual attendees who were walked. Protect your confirmed guests with strong contract language.

I have a clause in my contracts saying the hotel cannot cancel for any reason other than force majeure. Is that OK?
The answer will depend on the reach of the force-majeure clause. Remember that so-called acts of God are things over which man, woman or child has no control. A hurricane, flood or other natural disaster would excuse performance regardless of the presence of the clause.

Other areas where you would be permitted to cancel or limit your liability need to be enumerated. Personally, I prefer to call the clause "Rights of Cancellation Without Liability" as opposed to "force majeure." It is then much clearer and can be broader than acts of God.

In some instances, you might not want to cancel entirely, so design your clauses to give you the right to renegotiate or limit your exposure. If 40 people can't reach your meeting because of weather issues, do you really want to cancel the whole meeting for 150 people? No, you want to be able to reduce your attrition liability.

What is the difference between "indemnification" and "hold harmless"? Should these both be mutual?
Never sign an indemnification or a hold-harmless clause (which are the same thing) that isn't mutual. The only exception is when you are dealing with convention centers, which usually are owned by government entities and essentially are immune from liability. Read the clauses very carefully; make sure they do not conflict with insurance rights, as most insurance policies do not cover contractual obligations. If confronted with a one-way clause, no clause at all is the better option.

In the absence of a cancellation clause covering the hotel's actions, do I have any rights if the hotel cancels?
Yes. If the hotel cancels, it is in breach of contract and you would be entitled to damages. If the hotel attempts to mitigate by relocating your meeting, you still will be able to recover damages based on the difference between what you would have paid vs. what you had to pay, the costs you incurred in relocating the program and the like. Incremental damages such as airline fees, etc., generally are not covered unless they are spelled out in the contract.